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Nothing compares to the excitement of spotting an impressive, 40-pound elk shed with a spread of over four feet. I imagine anyone interested in finding freshly-dropped antlers must be wondering, “What time of year do elk shed their antlers?”
The end of the winter season and the beginning of spring (with a peak in mid-to-late March) are the best time to hunt sheds. This is due to an increase in day length, which causes testosterone levels to drop drastically, making elk shed their velvet and eventually lose the antlers.
Hunting for shed elk antlers has been going on for years. It’s a fun collectors activity, a fantastic way to experience the outdoors, and make money. It is also a sustainable way of obtaining material for crafts and decor. But first, why do elk lose their antlers every year?
Why Elk Shed Their Antlers
From the moment they turn one, elk begin to grow antlers. These majestic features can develop to a whopping 40 pounds (18 kg). But what most people don’t know is that the bulls shed off their antlers yearly and grow a new pair.
Large, symmetrical antlers are most desirable. It’s how alpha bulls fight off weaker males, defend their pride, and demonstrate superiority to attract a more desirable mate. Typically, elk antlers fall due to:
- Poor nutrition
- Declining testosterone levels caused by increasing minutes of daylight.
If an antler breaks or is damaged, a bull will shed that pair and regrow another set, which helps him attract cow elk in the fall. So, what time of year do elk shed their antlers? Read on to find out.
What Time of Year Do Elk Shed Their Antlers?
Beginning in spring and continuing through summer, the increasing periods of light exposure stimulate hormones that promote antler growth. Bull elk can grow an inch of antler a day.
As autumn gets closer, the length of daylight shortens. This causes a biological reaction in which testosterone levels rise, causing bucks to lose their velvet.
Mid-fall, the amount of testosterone reaches peak level. It then begins to drop as we draw into late winter when the length of day increases. As testosterone levels drop significantly, hormones in the bone around the pedicle begin to reabsorb calcium which was initially used to grow the antlers. After a few weeks of this decline, the antlers are shed.
Trails leading to and from a food source or cultivated fields are a hotspot for shed antlers. As are roadsides, fence rows, creeks, ditches, and thick overhanging branches where elk are forced to jump or duck.
5 Things to Do With Shed Antlers
Most shed hunters fall into this category. The whole purpose of looking for antlers is to grow the shed pile. I have heard of collectors who already have barn-fulls but can’t resist the urge to add to the number at the end of every breeding season.
Collecting shed antlers is a lovely hobby, whether you keep the browns for bragging rights or nostalgic purposes. Who knows, you may find prized brown pieces worthy of being mounted. Check the Internet for ideas of where to hunt elk sheds near you.
Other than collecting, this is probably the best reason people hunt sheds. The price is determined by the condition and quality of the sheds. Typically, darker colored antlers fetch more in the market. Brown elk antlers go for about $10 per pound, while white varieties are $12 for the same amount.
In some places, you can sell 300 class elk for just over $200. More outstanding types like the 400 class elk can go over $1500.
People have used animal bones to come up with unique crafts for thousands of years. Antlers are soft bones and are pretty easy to work with. You only need a few simple tools to accomplish a DIY project.
If you’ve never tried it before, he