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Affectionately called Doxies, the Dachshund is quite an impressive dog breed both as a hunting dog and a family dog. In hunting, it holds the prestigious position of being the only AKC recognized breed that hunts both above and below the ground. Their long bodies and short legs make them one of the most adorable dog breeds. In case you are considering getting one, you may have the following questions:
Here are all the answers to these questions to help you understand this wonderful breed. It’s everything you need to know to make an informed decision when you are planning to buy one.
How to Pronounce Dachshund
Dachshund is pronounced as ‘daak·snd’. Since it is a German name, it’s not a surprise that many people find it quite challenging to pronounce it correctly. Across the Atlantic, the British pronounce it as ‘daks·hund’, and therefore it shouldn’t get you by surprise. If you are talking to someone in Germany, their pronunciation of the word will be ‘daks.hʊnt’.
It is also good to know that you will come across quite a number of different names, which all mean the same thing. Besides Doxies, you may hear people refer to them as Wiener dogs. You can also come across those who call them Sausage dogs courtesy of their body shape. Actually, the hotdog got its name from these dogs originally before it was shortened to the name hotdogs. Dackel and Teckel are also used in both Germany and North America when referring to these dogs.
What are the Sizes of Dachshunds?
One of the differentiating factors when it comes to Dachshunds is the size. There are mainly two sizes: standard and miniature Dachshunds. Some countries, however, may have other variations in size. Adult weight is used to differentiate the two types. However, the more accurate way to distinguish them is by chest measurement at 15 months of age, a common practice in Germany.
Standard Dachshund Size
A Standard Doxie weighs between 16 to 32lbs as an adult. They were historically used in the hunting of larger game than their counterparts. Besides being heavier than the mini Dachshunds, they are much longer. In terms of height, the standard type grows taller to approximately 8 to 9 inches as an adult.
Miniature Dachshund Size
The mini Dachshund is smaller than the standard version and weighs up to 11lbs as an adult. They were for the hunting of smaller game. Its body is shorter than that of its counterpart and is shorter with a maximum height of 5 to 6 inches.
What are the Types of Dachshunds?
Doxies are of three different types. The basis of their classification is their coat variety. More specifically, the type of hair is the determining factor. A wiener dog can be smooth, longhaired, or wirehaired. Here is what each type means, colors, and grooming requirements and considerations when opting for one.
In the US, the Smooth Dachshund is the most popular type. A smooth short and shiny coat, which is is the defining characteristic of this variety.
When opting for this type, you can choose from a variety of colors. Some of the common ones include the single-colored red or cream. Sometimes they may have some black hairs. They have black eyes and little or no white hair on the chest.
Two-colored ones can be black and cream, black and tan, blue and tan, chocolate and tan, or Isabella and tan. Like the single-colored ones, they have black eyes and little or no white hairs on the chest.
The third class is of those that have patterns in their coats. An example is the dapple Dachshund, which has a mottled coat pattern. It has an even distribution of dark and light-colored areas. Having partially or wholly blue eyes and a significant amount of white hairs on the chest is acceptable for these dappled Dachshunds. The other patterns include brindle, which has dark stripes all over their body, sable with an overall dark hair overlay and piebald.
In terms of grooming, the Smooth Dachshund needs little grooming. However, they will need a sweater during winter in case you live in a cold area. With a personality that falls between being mischievous and being calm and quiet, they are quite the perfect type. You get quite a good dog to have around when you couple that to the general personality of Dachshunds.
A Long haired Dachshund has a coat with sleek, slightly wavy hair. It was most probably created through crossing with various spaniels. Their color variety is the same as that of the Smooth Dachshunds. You have the choice of a single colored, two-colored, or patterned dog when you opt for this type of doxie.
Grooming is, however, more when it comes to this type courtesy of their long hair. You will have to brush it daily. It serves to prevent the formation of mats, especially around their ears and elbows.
Longhaired Dachshunds have one of the best personalities as they are calm and quiet. That is in addition to the clever, lively, and courageous personality of all the Dachshunds. You will, therefore, have an easy time with this type.
This type has a wiry, short, thick, rough coat. Additionally, their eyebrows are bushy, and they have a beard. They also come in a variety of colors, similar to the other types. However, the black, brown, and gray mixture (wild boar), various shades of red and black and tan are the most popular colors in the US.
Grooming needs are not as much when it comes to this type. You may need to regularly brush your Wirehaired Dachshund, which prevents mats from forming. Unlike the Smooth Dachshund, you won’t need a sweater in winter.
Besides the general personality of Dachshunds, the wirehaired ones are mischievous troublemakers. With the right training, however, that will not be an issue for you. They are quite full of energy, and you will enjoy having one.
How Much Should a Dachshund Weigh?
As earlier noted, this breed comes in two different sizes. The weight will, therefore, vary depending on the size of the dog. The Standard Dachshund weighs between 16 and 32 pounds. However, it can grow as heavy as 35pounds in some cases. The Mini Dachshund weighs up to 11 pounds. You can, however, get a Dachshund that weighs between 11 and 16 pounds as an adult. It is unofficially classified as a Tweenie as it then shares the characteristics of the two groups.
In optimal conditions, this breed has an impressive growth pattern. Right from being a puppy, the weight gain will be steady until it attains adulthood. At that point, the weight will be stabilized. Henceforth it will depend on their eating habits and level of activity.
Dachshunds are predisposed to getting lazy and becoming overweight. They, therefore, may end up way heavier than what is expected of their size. Gaining too much weight poses a danger to their health. One, being overweight predisposes them to Canine Diabetes Mellitus. When they develop this condition, they will exhibit excessive urination, thirst, and a ravenous appetite. Treatment is by controlling their diet and giving it daily insulin injections.
A second health issue associated with being overweight is that it puts a strain on their fragile back. Your dog may thus be more likely to develop Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD). It is, therefore, imperative that you control their eating habits and keep them active to prevent these health problems.
How Long Does A Dachshund Live?
Among the many reasons why people want to get a Dachshund is the longer life expectancy than most other breeds. It has a lifespan of between 12 and 15 years. Opting for this breed, therefore, allows you to have your dog by you for a long time. In case you didn’t know, the Guinness World Record of the world’s oldest dog has been held by Dachshunds three different times. One of the oldest was Chanel from New York, a dog that lived to 21 years of age. There have been claims of some growing as old as 25 (Rocky in Shingle Springs, CA). That means that your Dachshund can live way longer than the expected life span.
The upper limit, however, varies from one dog to another. It depends on its genetic health and care quality and quantity. You, therefore, need to be choosy when it comes to choosing a breeder as it will ensure your puppies are not genetically predisposed to health conditions that result in premature death. You will also need to care for your dog as much as you can to allow it to live a long, happy life. The quality and quantity of care influences some of the genetic predispositions.
Some of the things you can do to ensure your Dachshund lives a long life include:
- Find out the quality and quantity of care needed before getting a Dachshund
- Ensure a healthy diet for your dog
- Keep its weight in the healthy ranges
- Regular exercise
- Regularly get it checked out at the vet
As you can see, it is within your power to ensure your Dachshund lives a full life. If you are willing to invest in acquiring one, you need to be willing to invest in its care. You definitely want your pet to have a wonderful life that will be full of incredible memories for you and your family.
How Do You Discipline a Dachshund?
A Dachshund is a small dog with a big personality. They are willful and independent, which may be problematic for you if you do not discipline these dogs well. It is vital to know the qualities of this breed to understand how to discipline your dog.
- Easy to train
- Have potential for mouthiness (loud, deep barks)
- A tendency to bark or howl
- Prey drive
- Wonderlust potential
It is, therefore, evident that they are easy to discipline as long as you are doing it the right way and putting in time and effort. The cornerstones of disciplining this breed are consistency, training, and rewards. Now that training is covered in the next segment, the focus here is rewards and consistency.
You first need to set limits. By the time you want to discipline it, you know the positive attributes that you need to encourage and the negative ones that you need to discourage. Setting limits when it comes to the things your dog is not supposed to do is vital in combating bad behavior. For instance, do not let him up on your furniture without an invitation. When the dog does that, firmly say No, and direct it to get back down. Consistently doing so for a couple of weeks will discipline it. Never compromise, for instance, laughing or showing affection when your dog does what it isn’t supposed to do.
Every time it does something good, reward it with treats. Also, verbally praise it. With time, your dog will learn to avoid bad habits while doing more of the good habits. Always remember that you should never hit your dog as a way of disciplining it. It discourages trust and makes them fearful, depressed, or aggressive.
Disciplining your Dachshund early is the best way to deal with potentially bad behavior. It needs to be done in a way that builds trust and reinforces good behavior.
How to train a Dachshund
Are Dachshunds easy to train? Yes, they are, however, it’s a little challenging. These dogs are bred for perseverance, which means they can be stubborn. That is the reason why training them early is crucial. Luckily, they are easy to train and intelligent. Although some people look at training as a single step, efficient training requires segmentation of the training.
The aspects are:
- Basic commands
- Barking training
- Potty training
- Leash training
- Crate training
- Training for hunting
Here is a look at each of the training except potty training and training for hunting, which are covered in subsequent sections. Although it is critical that you start the training early, you need to give your puppy a few days or a few weeks to acclimate to your home. Puppy proofing each room by removing electrical cords, medications, household cleaners, and toys from its reach before allowing it to explore is an excellent way to do it.
You can enrol it in a puppy kindergarten, which is great for socialization with other dogs. Obedience classes come in handy at this point where your puppy learns basic commands. You can also teach your puppy the basic commands, which are: stay, down, leave, come, round, fetch, drop, paw, speak, quiet, gentle, and back.
It is surprising how loud and deeply these dogs can bark despite their small bodies. The reason behind this ability is their broad chests and powerful lungs that are built to not only withstand attacks from animals, which are at times bigger but also alert the owners of their location. You will, therefore, notice that your puppy barks a lot.
Training may not stop it from barking altogether, but it reduces it to a tolerable level. First, identify the reason why your puppy is barking and address it. It could be a stimulus, an environment, or a need for attention.
Do not shout or hit them when they start barking incessantly but rather firmly say ‘No’. Once they stop, reward them with treats and praises. They will soon begin to associate being quiet with rewards. Socializing them properly will also minimize their barking when new people come around.
If you had a puppy before then, you know, they love to bite. To them, it’s just playing and nothing serious. With a Dachshund, it is even more now that it is a hunting breed that is primed to attack and kill. If you don’t train your dog properly, it may end up biting your furniture, pillows, shoes, and even your ankles. You don’t want it to get to this stage, which is problematic, so train it early.
Like barking, your Dachshund will tend to bite when it is afraid or anxious. That’s why you need to address this cause as early as possible. And if your pup does something it is not supposed to, do not scold or hit it. It either makes them afraid or causes them to resort to aggression. Both of these outcomes worsen the biting problem.
Another reason for biting is to assert their dominance now that they are proud and intelligent dogs. You need to assert your authority over your puppy as soon as possible. Some of the ways to do this include commanding them in a firm, loud voice, and standing up while giving them commands.
For this training, you will need chew-toys. Every time your pup tries to playfully bite you or other objects in your house, turn its attention to the chew-toys. If they use the toys, reward them with praises and treats. Firmly tell them to stop when they insist on biting what they are not supposed to bite. After they stop, give them a treat. It will not take long before they learn.
Dachshunds are den animals and, therefore, naturally prefer an enclosed space that is clean and safe. In such a space, they never have to worry about any threats. A crate is the best way to provide such a space for your puppy. It can be their safe haven when they are anxious, for instance, if you have guests around or when they want to relieve themselves.
At first, however, they may feel like they are being locked up as a punishment. You, therefore, need to crate train them so that they realize it’s their safe retreat. It will train them to hold their bladder longer if done at a young age. As they realize the crate is their safe retreat, they will become reluctant to relieve themselves in it. With praises and regular bathroom breaks, your dog will learn not to soil you home.
Dachshunds love attention and hence develop high levels of separation anxiety when you are not around. A crate provides a safe place where they can relax why you are not by their side.
Here is how to crate train your pup:
- Get a crate that’s just big enough for your pup to stand and comfortably turn around in it
- Place a dog bed that your pup has used before (has its scent) into the crate
- Add some of your pup’s favorite toys and a shirt, or some clothing that has your scent which reassures your puppy that you aren’t too far
- Place the crate in a place where your family hangs around so that it doesn’t feel left out
- Slowly familiarize them with the crate and gradually persuade them into it with treats and praises
You will need patience and effort, as it may be an easy process. Dachshunds are naturally stubborn and clingy and therefore expect to whine and protesting barks. You may want to summon all your emotional strength here because frankly, you will feel like getting them out. However, if you do that, they will learn that being rowdy gets them what they want. And you don’t want that, do you? Remember to schedule bathroom breaks every couple of hours.
Bred as hunting dogs, these dogs are inquisitive and adventurous. During a walk, they will run off so fast after something that attracts their interest. While at it, they may end up accidentally hurting someone, getting lost, or picking up a fight. You, therefore, need to keep them on a leash, literally. Leash training is the only way you can get your dog comfortable on a leash.
First, you will need to get your Dachshund used to wear a collar, harness, or a jacket. That’s where you’ll hook the leash. Buy a collar, harness, or jacket that fits your puppy well. Next, get your pup used to it. Simply let them sniff it and reward them with treats when they go near or look at the item. Once your little puppy is familiar with it, you can try putting it on them. Use treats and praises to make the process easier.
Secondly, attach a leash and teach your puppy to ‘heel’. It is done by getting your pup to walk on your left side while you guide them along with a treat or toy in your right hand. Reward them with treats and praises once they jog alongside you steadily for a few paces. If they take, off by them, stay put, or walk in the opposite direction while ensuring you are not pulling the leash. They’ll come back to you once they realize you are not following them.
How to potty train a Dachshund
Dachshunds have their very own psyche, with their own concept of the principles. Along these lines, they may see literally nothing amiss with mitigating themselves in your home and leaving you to manage recolored, stinky floor coverings and carpets and chaotic heaps that may make you need to tear your hair out. As baffling as this might be, it’s vital to be patient and kind when endeavoring to potty train your little dog – all things considered, they don’t have the foggiest idea about any better.
Try not to reprimand or hit your puppy, and don’t endeavor to teach them except if you’ve gotten them in the demonstration – else they won’t comprehend what it is you’re training them not to do, and you may wind up leaving them on edge and scared of you. Instead, plan regular washroom breaks – take your little person out to relieve themselves after eating, and afterwards, once they have relieved themselves, reward them with praises and prizes as treats or toys.
If they relieve themselves inside the house, which is certain in the initial days of being in your home, tidy the spot up as much as possible to remove the smell, so the pup doesn’t return there again to do his business. On the off chance that you get them red-handed, solidly tell them ‘No’, and take them outside. With time, they will learn that they shouldn’t do their business in the house. The focus is on being tolerant and consistency – dogs will, in general, feed off of the feelings of their owners, so in case you’re letting on that you’re disappointed and furious, they may respond negatively as well.
- Watch for signs your Dachshund needs to go
- Take him out for regular breaks
- Go to a similar spot every time
- Give your puppy a treat for doing their business outside
- Try not to scold him for mishaps
- Adhere to the same everyday schedule
- Utilize a crate at night
How to buy a Dachshund
Any Dachshund owner knows that the Dachshund can have back issues in light of their long spine and short legs. Therefore, every time you pick up your dog, do remember that it’s best not to do whatever will bend or put unnatural weight on his back!
The best way is to use two hands to pick your little friend up. Do place one hand under his chest to help his chest front legs. Your other hand ought to be set under his rear to help his midsection and rear legs. It offers the ultimate support for his back. At that point, you just lift.
You shouldn’t let your smaller-than-normal Dachshund ‘hang’ or ‘dangle’ from his front legs or chest. For example, when you are sitting, and your Dachshund remains on his rear legs while resting his front paws on your seat, expecting you to pick him. Never reach under his front legs and lift him from under his shoulders. It exerts undue weight on his back. He will most likely howl!
You should push your hands forward enough to put both of your hands underneath the Dachshund to get him. Make sure to offer support for his back consistently.
In like manner, you ought to never ‘drop’ him on the ground. Instead, consistently ‘place’ him there. Even though there may just be a couple of inches before his feet are on the ground, do remember, to a little dog with short legs, a couple of inches is far!
What can you hunt with a Dachshund?
Dachshunds are scent dogs specifically bred to chase badgers and other burrowing creatures, bunnies, and foxes. Packs of Dachshunds were even used to trail wild hog. Today their adaptability makes them fantastic family dogs, show dogs, and incredible hunting companions.
How to train your Dachshund for hunting
Draw their attention
Take your dog out normally to search for their prey. At whatever point you discover the prey, stop point, murmur, and attempt to make the dog notice it. It might take quite some time, at first, but they will, in the end, follow your lead.
Once you have their attention, charge towards the prey, with your arms outstretched, and shouting. Of course, it may look silly initially, but these dogs are intelligent and will understand what you are demonstrating. They copy what you do pretty well, and you will be surprised at how quickly they learn to charge.
Make sure your dog gets a reward every time they chase prey. Start with rewarding them with a click. You can then progress to rewarding them with toys or treats regardless of whether they catch the prey. If you don’t, they may soon give up trying.
You have to ensure your Dachshund gets used to all the sights and sounds they will experience when they are hunting. You wouldn’t want them to bolt as soon as they hear gunshots for the first time.
Now all you need to do is regularly repeat the above steps. Ideally, do it several times a week. It won’t take the dog long before it gets into the habit of chasing without your persuasion. You can then kick back and relax while just rewarding them when they return.
How much is a Dachshund puppy?
The price of a Dachshund puppy ranges from $200 to $3500+ according to current published prices. The costs vary greatly depending on where you obtain your puppy. The more in-demand your pup, the higher its price. A median price for most purchases in the US is $960. Top-quality pups range anywhere between $1800 to as high as $10,000. Surprising right? Here is why the prices are high.
Source of Pup
There are four options when it comes to where you can buy your Dachshund puppy. Here is what each option means in terms of prices:
Purebred Show Breeder
study breed genetics, plan new litters in advance, carry out necessary health screens on parent dogs and is the best source though the most expensive
A casual dog breeder who may intentionally or accidentally breed Dachshunds and want to make a profit out of it
Puppy Mill Breeder
There are over 10,000 puppy mill breeders in the US who minimize on costs to ensure profits and may not be the best source for you pups though affordable
Dachshund Rescue- you can find a puppy or adult dogs in distress and need rehoming which may be free of charge or cost you up to $300
Even from the same category of breeders, prices still vary widely based on the breeder costs. The following are the costs they often incur until the point of purchase:
- Health testing- $1000 for each parent dog
- Brucellosis testing: $150
- Progesterone test: $120
- Stud fee: $2000 for every breeding attempt
- Ultrasound or X-ray: $120/ test
- Whelping supplies, puppy food, toys, pads: $400
- C-section: $1500
- De-worming: $160/ litter
- Vaccines, 4-shot series: $140 for each pup
- Rabies/Bordetella/Leptovirus: $45 for each pup
- AKC registration: $25 plus $2 for each puppy
- Microchipping: $45 for each puppy
As you can see, the cost incurred by a reputable breeder is high. Therefore, the price you pay covers the cost of breeding your pup and a profit to enable them to continue breeding. Although you may pay more, you run less risk with such pups.
Cost of Owning a Dachshund
Besides the price you pay for a pup, you also need to understand the cost of owning it. Some of the common expenses include the following:
- An initial veterinary exam: $85
- Prevention of heartworm and ticks: $12/month
- Spray/neuter: $200
- Collar, leash and ID tag: $40
- Dog bed: $50
- Home/travel crate: $75
- Food/water bowls: $25
- Food: $35/month
- Grooming supplies: $60
- Treats, toys, and teething items: $75
Once you are comfortable with the buying price and the cost of owning a Dachshund, you can confidently go ahead and bring one home. Luckily, the cost of owning one is nothing compared to the joy of giving your dog a long and happy life.
How much is a miniature Dachshund?
A miniature Dachshund currently goes for $600 to $1800. The price, however, depends on several factors, as explained above. Other determinants of the price when it comes to a Mini Dachshund include breeder’s popularity, breeder’s location, litter size, traits of the puppy, and its pedigree.
It’s essential to do some digging before you settle on where to buy your pup. Some breeders may inflate the prices making the pup seem like it’s on-demand and the ultimate purebred. Ensure you are not overcharged by doing some research. You will always find information on where is the best place to buy your puppy.
Once you settle on a breeder, ensure they show you all the necessary documentation of what has been done for the puppy. These include tests, vaccination, and registration is done. A breeder who wants to rip you off will conveniently not have these things. Even if you are buying online, proof of the documents can always be shown before the purchase. Whatever it takes, ensure your Mini Dachshund is in perfect condition so that you do not incur unnecessary costs along the course of owning your dog.
Pitbull Dachshund Mix
A Pitbull Dachshund mix is a cross between the Pitbull and the Dachshund. It possesses the best of each of the breeds, which makes it quite an impressive breed. It first came to light in 2015 as an accidental breed. It was quite a trending topic at that time and has continuously become popular over time. Other names for this breed are Pitwee, Doxiebull, Dox-Bull, Bull-Dach, Bulldach, and Doxbull.
So how does a Pitbull Dachshund mix look like? The dog has a head of a Pitbull with the body of a Dachshund. You will notice its long ears and a sausage-shaped but muscular body. It is a medium-sized and weighs up to 25lbs. It can either be brindle, brown, or black in color. It may have a white patch on their chest.
The dog has a life span of 8 to 12 years. Now that it has a short, coarse coat, the dog has moderate shedding and requires low to moderate grooming. That may include brushing about every two days.
In terms of personality, it is a feisty and clever dog. It is quite sensitive and has a low to moderate tolerance to solitude. Good tolerance to heat and moderate tolerance to cold makes it suitable for most areas.
If you are looking for an excellent family dog, then it is your perfect choice. Your children will love it. The Pitwee is also a good apartment dweller and, with socialization, will have a great relationship with other dogs and pets.
In case you do find a Pitbull Dachshund Mix, take its training and socialization seriously and give it enough exercise and stimulation. They can be stubborn, but training is moderately easy. She is a feisty dog who will be a lot of fun to have and will be very devoted to you.
Cost of Owning a Pitbull Dachshund Mix
The cost of owning a Dachbull is about $460-$560 in medical expenses and $355 to $475 in non-medical costs annually. Finding a breeder focusing on breeding these dogs may be challenging, and therefore you need to be ready for a significantly high buying price.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix
A cross of the Dachshund with a Chihuahua yields the fantastic looking Chihuahua Dachshund mix. Smaller, enthusiastic, and faithful, these little dogs acquired the absolute best characteristics from both of their parents. These hybrid dogs have a lifespan of 13- 16 years.
They are quite a delight to the eye, which complements their beautiful personality. It is affectionately called the Chiweenie. Other names used to refer to the Chiweenies include Choxie, Doxihuahua, Weeniehuahua, the German Taco, and the Mexican Hot Dog. Being designer dogs, they are not recognized by the AKC but rather by International Designer Canine Registry.
Chiweenies have an average height of 8 to 10 inches and weigh between 8 and 12 pounds as adults. Their coat type can fall anywhere from short and smooth to long and fluffy. However, their shedding is low and thus requires low to moderate grooming. These dogs have a medium to high tendency to get fat.
There are significant variations in appearance, even within the same litter now that they are designer dogs. A uniform look is only possible after several generations of responsible breeding. You can always predict their looks from the characteristics of the parent dogs.
Like appearance, there are significant variations in their personality too. Generally, they are a bit of headstrong and demanding. They have high to very high touchiness, low to moderate barking, and are also a great family dog. With socialization, they are great with children, other dogs, and pets. Being low to moderate roamers, they are good apartment dwellers but not so good with the outdoors.
They can be stubborn, but training them won’t be challenging. Their exercise needs are low to moderate. However, you need to watch their diet and involve them in some regular exercises because they have a moderate to high tendency to get fat.
Price of a Chihuahua Dachshund Mix
Chiweenie puppies have an average price of $200 – $550, which is quite affordable. Despite their powerful designer breed status, you can easily find them in dog rescue. You may want to check with them first before you spend on one from a breeder. The cost of owning this dog is about $450- $550 in medical expenses and $300- $450 in non-medical expenses annually.
Dachshunds are a fantastic breed of dogs from their appearance to their personality. Whether you are looking for a family dog or a hunting dog, they are the perfect blend. They may be pricey in some cases, but they are definitely worth every penny. Hybrids between these dogs and Pit bulls or Chihuahuas are a unique mix that you will definitely love. Let us know in the comment section what you think about these dogs.
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36 years old, been hunting and fishing my entire life – love the outdoors, family, and all kinds of hunting and fishing! I have spent thousands of hours hunting hogs and training hunting dogs, but I’m always learning new stuff and really happy to be sharing them with you! hit me up with an email in the contact form if you have any questions.